The Asian Elephant

The largest terrestrial mammal in Asia. Smaller than the African elephant with relatively small ears.  Their skin is dark grey to brown with patches of pink on the forehead, ears, base of the trunk, and chest.

Lifestyle and habitat

Extremely sociable and found in scrub forest, especially areas with grass, low woody plants, and trees. More than two thirds of their day may be spent feeding themselves. Because they need to drink at least once a day, they are always close to a source of fresh water.

Elephants in Cambodia

While the wild Asian elephant is all but extinct in neighboring Vietnam, Cambodia now holds one of the largest populations in South East Asia - an estimated 400-500 wild elephants - in the refuge of Cardamom Mountains in the South West and North Eastern Plains of Mondulkiri. 

Human-elephant Conflict

As the Cambodian economy recovers after decades of war, the greatest threat to the elephants is the loss and destruction of their habitat in forms of logging, mining, poaching, and agricultural encroachment.  Other growing threats include hydro-electric dams and rubber, palm oil, and sugar plantations. Asian elephants are also poached for their ivory, skin, and meat. Even though no illegal poaching or trade has been reported in recent years, there may still be unreported cases of hunting and trade. These animals are under serious threat from human development.


Many international organizations are working with the government of Cambodia to find solutions. Many programs generate awareness among local communities to protect elephant habitats and nurture a peaceful co-existence between wild elephants and the people.

We urge you to not buy ivory or any products made from elephant hide and engage in tourism around elephants responsibly.